Kutzner, K., Woods, S., Karayel, O., Gehring, T., Yin, H., Flatley, A., Grass, C., Wimberger, N., Tofaute, M.J., Seeholzer, T., Feederle, R., Mann, M., Krappmann, D. (2022). Sci Signal 15, eabk3083.
CARD 11 acts as a gatekeeper for adaptive immune responses after T cell or B cell antigen receptor (TCR/BCR) ligation on lymphocytes. PKC theta/beta-catalyzed phosphorylation of CARD11 promotes the assembly of the CARD11-BCL10-MALT1 (CBM) complex and lymphocyte activation. Here, we demonstrated that PKC theta/beta-dependent CARD11 phosphorylation also suppressed CARD11 functions in T or B cells. Through mass spectrometry-based proteomics analysis, we identified multiple constitutive and inducible CARD11 phosphorylation sites in T cells. We demonstrated that a single TCR- or BCR-inducible phosphorylation on Ser 893 in the carboxyl terminus of CARD1 1 prevented the activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B, the kinase JNK, and the protease MALT1. Moreover, CARD11 Ser(893) phosphorylation sensitized BCR-addicted lymphoma cells to toxicity induced by Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors. Phosphorylation of Ser 893 in CARD11 by PKCO controlled the strength of CARD11 scaffolding by impairing the formation of the CBM complex. Thus, PKCO simultaneously catalyzes both stimulatory and inhibitory CARD11 phosphorylation events, which shape the strength of CARD11 signaling in lymphocytes.